The gastritis diet is not only a diet food free of harmful products, but also a remedy that helps to quickly prevent stomach dysfunctions. Due to such a diet, the work of the digestive system is quickly normalized.
Eating gastritis can also help you lose weight.
The essence and principles of the diet
There are several types of gastritis. Depending on this, the level of complexity and severity of the diet is set. Acute gastritis involves the strictest diet, from which harmful foods and alcoholic beverages are completely excluded. The essence of the diet is to take the right foods in the diet, saturating the body with the necessary useful components.
As with other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, the diet includes the following principles:
- Fractional and frequent meals.
- Optimal drinking regimen of 2 liters of water per day.
- Strict ban on carbonated drinks.
- Full breakfast.
- Dinner 2-3 hours before going to sleep.
A diet for gastritis always involves severe dietary restrictions, so the first few days of adhering to it always cause difficulties and discomfort. After a certain time, the body adapts to such a diet, subtracting only its benefits.
Pros and cons of the diet
Looking at the dietary nutrition for gastritis, you need to understand that there are positive and negative aspects of this diet. In the first days, only the disadvantages of the diet will be observed, because the body categorically refuses to adapt to such severe restrictions.
But in reality, the gastritis diet is characterized by a huge number of positive aspects, and they are the following:
- Lightness in the stomach.
- Improving the digestion process.
- Ability to cook a variety of dishes.
- Quick and obvious results.
- There is no need to buy expensive drugs for treatment.
- Prepare meals from available products.
- Saturation of the body with useful components.
There are few disadvantages of this diet, they are as follows:
- Tiredness and apathy in the first days of the diet.
- Temporary hunger on a psychological level.
- Difficult to abandon familiar products.
If we consider this disease as a provocateur of more serious and fatal disorders in the functioning of systems and organs, then dietary food for gastritis will not have any negative side. A person with gastritis will only notice positive aspects for himself.
Such nutrition will help maintain the remission phase of gastritis, preventing it from entering an acute form, where food will be more severe and acute, not everyone can cope with it. In severe cases, drugs come to the rescue, which can have a quick positive effect. The menu for gastritis for a week can be exchanged, depending on the wishes of the day.
What can you eat with your diet?
Let's take a look at what you can eat with gastritis:
- Steamed omelette;
- Dry bread;
- Milk soups;
- Weak tea, cocoa;
- Baked apples;
This list allows you to prepare delicious meals that can completely saturate the body, enriching it with useful vitamins and minerals.
What shouldn't be eaten on a diet?
In addition to the list of allowed foods, there are also prohibited foods that should not be consumed in the treatment of gastritis.
Let's take a look at what you can't eat with gastritis:
- Salted and smoked;
- Fish soups;
- Pure fried eggs;
- Fatty meat products;
- Puff pastry;
- Fresh white bread;
- Carbonated drinks.
If previously these products formed the basis of the diet, they should be eliminated when treating gastritis. They provoke a deterioration of the condition and do not bring any benefit to the body.
Variety of diet for gastritis
Gastritis is a multifaceted disease that has its own types of manifestations. Consequently, diets for different types involve the presence or absence of certain foods. Let's analyze the types and the diet.
Diet for high acidity gastritis
The following foods should be included in your diet:
- Vegetables and fruit;
- Wheat soup;
- Buckwheat, oatmeal;
- Steamed meat and poultry;
Diet for low acid gastritis
The diet includes the following foods:
- Fermented dairy products;
- Bulk cereals;
- Stale wheat bread;
- Meatball soups.
Diet for erosive gastritis
Assumes the following dietary guidelines:
- Eat only hot;
- Eating large quantities of ground and semi-liquid food;
- It is forbidden to use canned food, fish, fatty meat, yeast-based signs.
Diet for chronic gastritis
Chronic gastritis involves a diet for the rest of your life, with the following characteristics:
- Fruits and vegetables are consumed only after heat treatment;
- Complete refusal of fried, fatty, sweets;
- Restriction of coffee and tea.
Diet for acute gastritis
Suggest strict dietary restrictions and recommendations:
- We must forever forget sour cream, coffee, sweets, carbonated drinks;
- It is allowed to eat eggs, milk, jelly;
- It is important to eat lean meat, soups, cereals, liquid cereals.
Diet for atrophic gastritis
The menu should be low in calories and low in acidity. The following products are prohibited:
- Legumes, mushrooms;
- Flour and butter;
- Canned food;
- Whole milk;
- Cabbage, cucumbers, radishes.
These products are forever excluded from the patient's life.
In order for the food to be as varied and tasty as possible, you need to know the recipes for gastritis, easy and simple to prepare. Each version of the recipe can saturate the body with useful components, enrich it with vitamins and remove the feeling of hunger.
- Peeled pumpkin;
- Salt, sugar;
Pumpkin peel and grated. The resulting gruel is mixed with milk and butter (20 g), sent to a bowl on the fire to be ready. Apples are added on top and everything is stewed together.
At the end, add a little semolina, mix until smooth and cook for up to 10 minutes.
- Chicken broth;
- Low-fat milk;
The cabbage is separated into inflorescences and sent to stew. Then it is mashed in a blender into a thick gruel, a little milk and broth are added. Sprinkle with nutmeg and salt on top. It prepares very quickly.
Side effects of the diet
The gastritis diet is aimed solely at improving well-being, removing the symptoms of gastritis and eliminating pain. It has many positive effects and practically has no disadvantages.
But some side effects can occur in the early stages, among which we note:
- Feeling of hunger.
- General weakness.
- Loss of performance.
- Sleep disturbances.
- Changes in hormone levels.
- Onset of nausea.
These side effects are common in the early days of diets. It is not necessary to assume that these dietary restrictions have a negative effect on the body and do not help fight the problem of gastritis. It is necessary to remember the main rule: so that side effects pass quickly or do not occur at all, the menu for gastritis should be drawn up exclusively by a specialist.
There are some individual characteristics of a person in which the body does not perceive certain products, as a result of which side effects are observed. Only a doctor will predict all these manifestations and prescribe an individual diet for effective treatment.
Stop the diet
Some forms of gastritis involve a diet for life. If gastritis is just developing, it only takes a few weeks of proper nutrition to restore all functions. In this case, the exit should be gradual and smooth. It is forbidden to immediately include harmful products in the form of fried and smoked foods, alcohol and spices. They need to be gradually added to food if psychological dependence and the need for this arises.